Smart city corresponds to a set of management systems.
As we can see, Indian cities face no less population pressure than Chinese cities, and some Indian cities may be more active than China in reforming the ground transportation system.
In India, the number of people living in cities is less than 1/3 of the total population. However, these people contribute more than 58% of the country's GDP, and 90% of the national revenue comes from India's urban areas. It is estimated that the proportion of urban population in India will rise to about 40% in the next 20 years, and its contribution to national GDP will increase to nearly 70%. By 2050, India will surpass China and become the most populous country in the world. By 2030, India will have 68 cities with more than 1 million inhabitants, 13 cities with more than 4 million inhabitants, and six big cities with more than 10 million inhabitants. This unprecedented urbanization process is likely to bring disaster to the municipal infrastructure.
Today, India is facing challenges in urban infrastructure planning in response to growing public demand for better water, public safety, transportation, and electricity. In India's cities, the gap between the rich and the poor seems to be widening, a phenomenon that threatens social cohesion and may hinder further urban development.
To address these challenges, city leaders should first focus on high impact areas. In all stages of urban development, how to solve the transportation problem is undoubtedly one of the greatest challenges facing municipal infrastructure construction, because it affects the lives of all sectors of society, and will bring great benefits to the city. In addition, the use of networks and flexible technology to understand and plan the overall situation, and to make timely and rapid adjustments to municipal infrastructure construction, which is far from the concept and technical level of "smart city" areas, is a big challenge.
India's transportation sector is large and diverse, accounting for 4.8% of GDP. The highway takes up 90% of the country's passenger volume and 65% of the freight volume. Nevertheless, the "supply" is far less than the "demand". Private transport has risen by 10% in the past decade, while roadside parking, street vendors, and sidewalkers have invaded roads and intersections. Police data show that nearly a third of urban road space in India's five major cities is occupied by illegal parking. The area of urban roads and streets accounts for only 16% of the total development area (28% for the United States). In terms of efficiency alone, congestion costs, including carbon emissions, accidents, fuel consumption, pressure and lost working hours, are enormous.
To this end, government departments have taken some measures, such as expanding the urban public transport system, subway lines and monorail elevated railways. In December 2005, the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM), a large-scale modern city project, was officially launched with a budget of $20 billion and has achieved remarkable results. There are 15260 new buses in the country. In the city of Western India, the increase in the number of buses has reduced road vehicles by 23%.
"People road" ("Janmarg" BRT system)
One of the success stories of the JnNURM project is the BRT Janmarg in Ahmedabad, India's seventh largest city. With a population of more than 5.5 million, Ahmedabad is one of India's few-known but fast-growing cities. In October 2009, a subsidiary of the Municipal Corporation began its operations, when commuting routes were very limited, but the Janmarg system increased the number of bus routes from 12 km to 45 km.
The system is equipped with a number of innovative technologies to facilitate its practical use, can be adjusted according to different requirements in real time. All buses are equipped with automatic vehicle positioning and tracking system, real-time feedback data to the transport management center, estimated vehicle arrival time. In addition, the vehicle dispatching and distribution system can help managers dispatch vehicles, optimize routes and achieve effective terminal management. Team leaders can also use the system to track passenger information and find trends in the number of vehicles used to increase or decrease the number of buses put on the line and to open new lines. They can also issue announcements in the whole network bus system.
In all aspects of transportation, the application scope of digital instruments, intelligent and integrated technology is expanding rapidly. By embedding sensors, cameras, and dynamic tags in existing hardware infrastructure, many variables can be dynamically adjusted at any time. Flexible toll designs are used to charge higher tolls during peak hours, whereas lower tolls are charged during off-peak periods. This measure encourages citizens to plan travel time rationally, effectively alleviate road congestion and shorten the time spent on the way to and from work. On the other hand, through the integrated toll management system, passengers can buy a ticket or apply for a smart card to travel unimpeded in the national intermodal transport system - whether trams, buses, trains or taxis, without spending extra time queuing up. At the same time, each passenger's purchase information is fed back to the relevant central system, which allows managers to monitor traffic patterns and predict future trends.
Ahmed Bud's Janmarg is fast.